The Doping Doctor

But then, it's perhaps understandable: the designer steroids he either tweaked or invented between 1990 and 2002 are responsible for the biggest pro sports shake up in living memory. It was ascandal that felled the careers of at least 24 Canada Goose Jackets world class athletes, including British sprinter Dwain Chambers and US baseball players, Jason Giambi and Barry Bonds.

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The resulting media fallout became known as the Balco scandal, named after the Bay Area Laboratory Co operative, the California company that sold the drugs. Company records, censored court hearings and ongoing lawsuits suggest hundreds more athletes have since been drawn into the scandal, with disciplinary consequences still looming. Arnold's life came crashing down in 2005, when an amendment to the Controlled Substances Act decreed that prohormones the basis of many of his creations, which encourage the production of testosterone were illegal. Balco lost 60% of its sales. FBI agents raided the lab, effectively shutting the company down for good. And, as the architect of the entire spectacle, Arnold was sentenced to a three month spell in a Virginia penitentiary.

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canada goose uk black friday Today, Arnold is pitching a comeback. Despite the reprimands and the penalties, he remains in possession of a keen knowledge of and enthusiasm for analytical chemistry. Now he is bringing new products to market under the guise of two new companies Prototype Nutrition and E Pharm with the rather less controversial aims of improving muscle buy canada goose jacket cheap memory and slowing the ageing process, among other ambitions. canada goose uk black friday

canada goose factory sale His intentions, he says, are good. The question Canada Goose sale is whether a man seen as the steroid pushing orchestrator of the Balco scandal and a cancerous influence on competitive sport, will ever be regarded as anything more than a narcotics kingpin. canada goose factory sale

Canada Goose Coats On Sale The Balco scandal was a decisive moment in the history of sports nutrition and of sport itself. For many, it shattered the image of athletes as clean living men and women who adhere to rigid exercise regimens and fine tuned, wholesome nutrition plans. Few major sports were left untarnished. But not everyone is convinced of steroids' inherent immorality. Canada Goose Coats On Sale

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Canada Goose online One of the chief arguments against steroids is that they give those who take them an unfair advantage. Removing drugs from sport, the clean lobby argues, would create a 'level playing canada goose outlet field', thus forming the basis of fair competition. According to Arnold, however, this equal opportunity arena has never existed. "Certain athletes and certain teams were performing entirely too well for this to have ever been a level playing field," he claims, cryptically. Canada Goose online

canada goose store But once Arnold's products hit the market at the turn of the millennium, this gap only became more Canada Goose Outlet pronounced. In baseball, hitters like Barry Bonds were breaking world records. Sprinters like Dwain Chambers were blazing to glory. In the NBA, buy canada goose jacket entire teams, like the LA Lakers, were implicated in the abuse of Arnold's wares. canada goose store

Canada Goose Parka Arnold's products made athletes faster. The most remarkable steroid known as THG, or The Clear was discovered in samples from 20 track and field athletes, obtained by the US Olympic Analytical Laboratory in 2003. canada goose clearance Meanwhile, baseball stars most notably Bonds and Giambi were delivering superhuman home run form. Canada Goose Parka

uk canada goose While juicing with The Clear, Bonds jumped from 34 home runs in 1999 to 49 in 2000, before knocking home a record breaking 73 in 2001. Such feats of athletic brilliance were replicated across several sports with Arnold's help. uk canada goose

THG or tetrahydrogestrinone, to cite its full name is an anabolic steroid so complex it was only identified when athletics coach and Balco whistleblower, Trevor Graham, sent a syringe containing a miniscule canada goose coats on sale amount to the US Anti Doping Agency. Up until that point, the canada goose store drug had proven to be the best (or worst) steroid in the history of sporting deception. While undetectable in routine drug tests, just two or three drops placed under an athlete's tongue were enough to enhance performance. For Balco, the investigation that followed Graham's intervention sparked the beginning of the end.

(Related: The complete beginner guide to doping)

cheap canada goose uk During the trial, Arnold and his partner in crime, Balco's founder Victor Conte, made for curious bedfellows. While at times Conte would come across as a well meaning sports nutritionist caught up in an unsavoury affair, Arnold's jubilant and often evangelical support for steroids suggested a somewhat less contrite outlook. cheap canada goose uk

Canada Goose Outlet For Arnold, true competitive equity means the individual's right to determine his own chemical regimen should be protected. He also believes the negative effects of steroids are overstated and their positive effects underplayed or ignored. He openly tells MH that he believes all athletes should have access to this group of medicines, by personal choice, for "aesthetic use when building muscle and for aesthetic reasons associated with the effects of ageing". Canada Goose Outlet

uk canada goose outlet But he also claims that his personal business interests are no longer limited to steroids. Indeed, one of his latest ventures, Prototype Nutrition, stocks a range of sprays and powders with a more holistic leaning, designed to boost everything from cognitive ability to ketosis. Could it be that, following the Balco fallout, the notorious Canada Goose online juice doctor has learned his lesson? Or is it the case, as Arnold would doubtless have it, that the subject of performance enhancement simply needs to be opened up? uk canada goose outlet

buy canada goose jacket At 52 years old, Arnold looks like a man who has benefited from the highs of his own supply. His muscular physique is, in large part, the result of lifelong experimentation. Born in Guilford, Connecticut, he began lifting weights as an adolescent. But although he maintained a strict diet and trained smart, he felt something was lacking. buy canada goose jacket

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"I was getting stronger but my body stayed scrawny," he recalls. "It's not that I wanted to look like Mr Universe, but I felt entitled, given the work I was putting in, to see at least some of that bulk. It's a problem many guys go up against, through no fault of their own. A large percentage of men will eat the right Canada Goose Parka things and do the right training but not get the shape they canada goose coats want due to genetics."

Arnold discovered steroids through a friend at his local gym. Within a canada goose clearance sale fortnight of beginning his new regimen he began to see the results that had eluded him. Inspired, he enrolled at the University of New Haven, graduating with a bachelor's degree in chemistry. He soon secured a job at a large canadian goose jacket pharmaceutical research company, allowing him all the time he needed to perform his own experiments.

Canada Goose sale "In order to make better steroids, I went back to the chemical logs of formulas that had been patented canada goose but never used," Arnold explains. "So, for instance, there were steroids that had been used in East German state sponsored doping programmes, or steroids that had been abandoned because of certain side effects. I carried out experiments to find out how these drugs really manifested. canada goose black friday sale If something seemed promising, I tried it out." Canada Goose sale

cheap Canada Goose Arnold's testing of sketchy anabolics led to numerous highly detailed canada goose deals reports cheap Canada Goose that were posted to the early bodybuilding dark web, positioning him as a sage presence in the world of performance enhancement. It wasn't long before Conte made contact and proposed working together. He was looking for steroids and performance enhancers that could be sold under the Balco umbrella, but remain undetectable at competitive level. "I told him there was nothing that was undetectable per se, but that designer steroids could be adapted to make them difficult to detect," says Arnold. And with that he set about synthesising athletic history. cheap Canada Goose

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Canada Goose Jackets Needless to say, few pharmacological experts take such a benign view of steroid use. MH spoke to Dr Adam Winstock, the founder of the Global Drug Survey, about Arnold's creations. While Winstock is firmly against steroids in sport, he concedes that the effects of certain drugs may not in themselves be as dangerous as the way in which they are taken that is injected, rather than delivered orally by pipette, as is Arnold's advocated method. Even so, he is clear that THG is not safe. Canada Goose Jackets

"It contains several banned anabolic steroids and at least one veterinary steroid," says Winstock. "Furthermore, it had never been approved for use by humans." Anabolic steroids are some of the oldest drugs in common medical use, with established risks, he says, but in the pursuit of sporting victory, safety considerations fall by the wayside. "I don't think anyone using a steroid to enhance performance has really thought about it. It's about what's effective."

Canada Goose Online Many of Arnold's new products do not target the record smashing athlete or the ultra competitive jock. As sports science advances, his focus has shifted from muscle building and sports performance to gentler targets. For instance, Arnold's primary venture, a company called Prototype Nutrition, stocks products that address focus and working memory. One example is D Serine, which aims to strengthen neural pathways in order to improve muscle memory. Arnold describes it as "a natural key regulator in the formation of memories, an amino acid naturally synthesised in brain cells which aid in long term potentiation." Canada Goose Online.